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Government shuts down key advocacy group

Image shows refugees holding up a rainbow flag

LGBT Ugandan refugees who fled the country due to persecution, pictured here in 2018

Ugandan officials have banned a prominent LGBT rights group in a major setback for the community there.

Sexual Minorities Uganda (Smug) has been ordered to shut down with “immediate effect” for not registering properly with authorities.

The campaign group decried the order as a “clear witch hunt” by the government against LGBT Ugandans.

Sexual minorities face widespread persecution in Uganda, where anti-gay and transphobic views are common.

Gay relationships are illegal in Uganda, where they can be punished by up to life in prison for committing “unnatural offences.”

Official police data shows that 194 people were charged under the offence between 2017 and 2020, including 25 who went on to be convicted.

“This is a clear witch hunt rooted in systematic homophobia, fuelled by anti-gay and anti-gender movements,” said Smug’s director Frank Mugisha, who is a gay Ugandan activist.

He accused authorities of treating members of Uganda’s LGBT minority as second-class citizens and trying to erase their existence completely.

On Friday Ugandan officials announced they were halting Smug’s operations because the campaign group, founded in 2004, had failed to register its name with the National Bureau for Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) properly.

It is the same reason given last year when dozens of civil society groups – including pro-democracy organisations – were also banned by Ugandan authorities.

This time officials say that the issue stems from Smug’s name itself – Sexual Minorities Uganda.

In a statement the NGO Bureau acknowledged that Smug had attempted to register with authorities in 2012, but that the application had been rejected because Smug’s full name was considered “undesirable.”

President Yoweri Museveni, who has been in office since 1986, has made homophobic comments in the past – including in a 2016 CNN interview when he called gay people “disgusting.”

Although there are no laws specifically criminalising being transgender in Uganda, trans people are regularly prosecuted for other offences including “personation” (false representation), according to reports compiled by rights organisations.

Since its establishment almost two decades ago, Smug has campaigned for the rights of LGBT people in Uganda by promoting access to health services and supporting members of the LGBT community to live openly.

It has also taken legal action to protect gay people from…

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